February 28, 2017
One of the most important criteria to consider during the job, graduate school, or Postdoc search is to learn about the culture of the place where you are applying. This means to gather information about the employee’s opinions of the work environment, the support and benefits that they receive, and the values that drive the organization. This is important because you will work and /or study in this environment for many years and you want to find a good fit for your interests and personal style. But how do you assess this when you are applying?
Step 1: Learn about and list your values
- Factor in your personal and work values into your career decision. For example, if you value work where you have multiple work assignments, a culture that values family, work-life balance, opportunities to publish, and/or working in an urban environment, then these will become the criteria that you use when considering multiple options.
- Meet with a career counselor who will help you to identify a broad range of important work values through the use of career assessments around values, interests and skills
Step 2: Research the organization for information about their values
- Look for a mission and/or value statements
- Read the job description carefully for words that give you a glimpse into the culture. For example, wording such as collaborative, team, independently, diverse, fast-paced, results oriented, balance multiple priorities, etc. shed light upon the nature of the work environment.
- Conduct informational interviews with alumni, colleagues, PIs, Postdocs, etc. Connect via Linked In who are familiar with the organization.
- Listen to what your mentors and colleagues say about the organization.
- Attend the NIH Career Symposium or the 2017 NIH Graduate and Professional School Fair so that you can meet NIH Alumni, current employees, and recruitment professionals who will give informational sessions and answer specific questions about their environment.
- Explore employer surveys such as the ones posted on the AAAS , Corporate Quality Index, The Scientist, Science Magazine.
Step 3: Listen closely during your interview
- Listen carefully to the questions that are asked during an interview. Is there a common thread that gives you some insight?
- How were you treated when you arrived to the interview? Who greeted you, were they pleasant, outgoing, distant, stressed?
- Was the host(s) welcoming, approachable, resourceful?
- Were there any specific qualifications that the interviewer stated about their culture (i.e. fast-paced, long days, independent, work interdependently, cultural diversity)?
Step 4: Ask Good Questions during the Interview
- Ask interviewers to describe the environment.
- Learn about opportunities for professional development.
- Ask if employees work as a team, independently, collaboratively.
- Ask the employers to describe a typical week.
- Ask about work-life balance.
Professional/ graduate school and Post Doc opportunities:
- Ask faculty and students to describe the culture?
- Learn how the curriculum structured and how students study.
- Review OITE blogs to learn how to select a mentor.
- Attend the second look (medical schools) and or pre-matriculation program.
- Learn about opportunities to become involved in the community.
- Ask about students support services are available to support wellness.
- Are there special interest groups or student organizations? Where do participants live? Is there family housing and partner benefits?
- How is research, conference and publishing encouraged?
- Determine how the school /department supports diversity and inclusion.
Step 5: Create a spread sheet to evaluate each opportunity
- List the places where you are applied on the left column.
- Write your personal values on the top row.
- Place a check mark and any comments in each box for each organization.
- Analyze your results to determine which organizations one(s) have the most values.
- Note the organizations that have the closest match to your values.
- Factor into any additional criteria.
Feel free to visit the OITE https://www.training.nih.gov to meet with career counselors, Premedical school advisors, and wellness counselors who can further support you during this process. Also see our events and services.
* OITE services are available to NIH intramural trainees only. Check with your home university or college and utilize the personal, career, and professional school advising resources they offer to you.
June 17, 2013
There are many important aspects to having a successful career. One aspect often overlooked is making sure you have a community of peers. Communities provide more than just support for everyday life and challenges. They are great for building networks, developing co-mentoring relationships and gaining leadership experience. Coming to a large campus, like the NIH or a college campus, can feel like you have landed on a different planet. Everything is so different. Finding welcoming and supportive groups and peers can help ease that transition. But, it can also help you prepare for the next step in your career.
While the resources below are specific to the NIH, all universities have similar groups to make you feel welcome. Check your campus list of organizations. This is not an exhaustive list of groups available, but is meant to provide an idea of what types of organizations exist. All of these groups are welcome to everyone in the NIH community.
- The Graduate Student Council and the postdoc association Felcom both support trainees by providing social events, career networking and communities for intramural trainees.
- NIH Black Scientists and Friends Network, an informal group dedicated to the mentoring and career enhancement of Black scientists at NIH. For more information, contact Dr. Roland Owens.
- LGBT-Fellows and Friends helps its members thrive in their professional and personal lives by addressing issues unique to the LGBT community. Join the LGBT-FF listserv to learn about up-coming LGBT-FF seminars, professional development activities and networking opportunities.
- The NIH SACNAS (Society for Advancing Hispanics/Chicanos & Native American in Science) chapter provides a trans-NIH resource to provide a forum to network, share successes and strategize about future goals. For more information and to learn about upcoming events, join the NIH-SACNAS listserv.
- The Women of Color Research Network supports all scientists interested in raising the voice and visibility of Women of Color (WOC) in biomedical and behavioral research. This new social media site is for women of color and everybody interested in diversity in the scientific workforce. Visit the Web site to join.
- MOM-DAD-DOCS seeks to provide mentorship, support, and networking to intramural trainees (basic or clinical) with children. Contact Lori Conlan (conlanlo AT mail.nih.gov)
- The Office of Equal Opportunity and Diversity Management plays a lead role in making certain that representatives of all groups feel comfortable and can work optimally on the NIH campus.
- Visiting Fellows Committee, ~60% of the NIH postdoc population is visiting from other countries. There are over 20 country groups to connect you with fellows from around the world: https://www.training.nih.gov/country_support_groups
February 25, 2013
You found an awesome job posting or graduate program, crafted the perfect curriculum vitae, and created a cover letter capable of convincing the staunchest of holdouts that you are a vital addition to their team. The only problem is you remembered to attach your resume after pressing send on your cover letter e-mail. Forgotten attachments happen to everyone, but the job application process is where you are supposed to distinguish yourself as a better candidate than everyone else. So – now what?
Unlike many career advice searches on the internet, there are not a lot of professional sites with comments on forgotten attachments. The obvious action requires you to send the forgotten materials; otherwise there is no chance for success. The real question remains: How do provide the missing information while saving face?
Do you apologize for the mistake? Do you try to act as if it never happened? The best route is to resend the same e-mail (with the attachment this time) with a comment in the title about the inclusion. Do not write a long, apologetic paragraph about forgetting the attachment. This reaction makes a big deal out of a common mistake and can make you seem insecure. At the same time you need to say something to differentiate the new e-mail from the old one so the hiring manager or principal investigator does not think you are spamming them. One postdoc recently forgot to attach their resume to a cold call e-mail and recovered by simply sending the same e-mail entitled “Employment inquiry at blah with attached resume”, and received a positive response.
For the most part, human resources and principal investigators tend to be pretty forgiving. Just keep in mind they are judging you at every interaction – this can be a time to show your ability to recover gracefully from a difficult situation.
Mistakes made during the application process may come back to haunt you during the interview. Keep in mind that if you are being interviewed that the company/ principal investigator thinks you might be a good fit for them. Do not be the one to bring up a past mistake. Do not give them a reason to deny you the position. Only talk about a past error from your application process if they ask about it. Be prepared with an answer that puts you in a positive light, not something like you were too busy applying to their competitor and forgot the attachment to them.
Of course, the better strategy is to remember the attachment. Make a list of things, mentally or written down, that you always check before submitting any application. Some items to include can be; properly addressing the cover letter, attaching the required documentation, filling in the subject line, and using spell check (spell check will not reliably catch names). Leave a comment with other items you think the email proof-reading list should include.